【学术文献】听障儿童干预和康复效果评估进展

听障儿童干预和康复效果评估进展

刘雪曼
美国培声听力语言中心;德克萨斯州大学达拉斯分校,行为和脑科学学院


【摘要】自二十世纪七十年代,听障儿童干预及康复治疗的效果评估研究已从听觉意识和言语识别拓展到聋儿的语言和言语发展。21世纪初的多中心大规模研究对儿童听觉能力、语言能力和言语能力、学习成绩、认知能力、社交能力、心理健康的程度等进行了系统研究,并且提倡建立以儿童语言发展评估为中心的基线和定期跟进的综合评估。 近期研究关注了听障儿童语言发展中的差异性并探讨能预测语言发展的潜在神经认知等能力。随着标准化的普通话语言测试的建立,国内的干预和效果评估研究将会拓宽到更多领域。
【关键词】效果评估;言语识别;语言发展;语言评估;普通话;标准化评估;听障儿童
【中图分类号】R764.44 【文献标识码】 A 【文章编号】1672-2922(2015)04-568-10


Current Trends in Outcome Studies for Children with Hearing Impairment
LIU Xueman


Bethel Hearing and Speaking Training Center, University of Texas at Dallas, School of Behavioral and Brain SciencesCorresponding author: LIU Xueman Email: lucy.liu@ourbethel.com
【Abstract】Since the 1970’s, outcome studies for hearing impaired children have expanded from focusing on assessingauditory awareness and speech perception skills to evaluating language and speech development. Since the early 2000’s,multi-center large scale research has systematically studied outcomes in the areas of auditory awareness, speech-perception,language development, speech development, educational achievements, cognitive development, and psychosocial develop-ment. These studies advocate the establishment of baseline and regular follow-up evaluations with a comprehensive frame-work centered on language development. Recent research interests also include understanding the vast differences in out-comes for hearing impaired children and understanding the relationships between neurocognitive development and language acquisition in hearing impaired children. After the establishment of standardized Mandarin language assessments, outcomes research in Mainland China has the potential to expand beyond auditory awareness and speech perception studies.
【Key words】Outcome assessment;speech perception;language development;language assessment;Mandarin;stan-dardized assessment;hearing impaired children


刘雪曼,美国言语-语言及听力协会(ASHA)认证的言语和语言病理医师和听力医师,美国听力学家协会(AAA)国际委员会委员,中国聋儿康复中心外籍顾问,现任美国培声听力语言培训中心主席,并于德州大学达拉斯分校兼职教授。专长于儿童的语言障碍的评估诊断及康复和诊断工具研发。对听障相关的儿童发育障碍治疗有丰富的经验。建立并领导THERAPY2000 和德州大学达拉斯分校共同合作的临床科研培训工作。多次于国内各大医院及康复中心进行专业讲座及资询。其主持的美国培声儿童语言治疗专家团队研发了中国第一个被国际专家认可的“梦想儿童普通话听力理解和语言表达能力标准化评估”,并与天津师范大学以及上海儿童医学中心等高校和医院进行了多次科研合作。